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DASHBASHI CANYON AND RIVER KHRAMI

 

DASHBASHI CANYON is located in south Georgia, in the gorge of river Khrami, between historical and geographic provinces of Trialeti and Kvemo Kartli, 1100-1500 meters above the sea level.

Canyon has been created within volcanic rocks (basalt lava) which construct adjacent Tsalka plateau and Khrami massif. Its several-hundredmeter-height slopes have different tilts in the various parts of the canyon. Canyon has meridian direction. Its length is 8 km. Within the confines of the canyon prevails moderately damp climate. The annual spread of temperatures is rather high, indicating the continental chatacter of climate. The average temperature in January is 4-60C, and in July – +16+180C. The duration of sun light exceeds 9 hours p.m. Volume of precipitation is 700-800 mm, the small portion of which (20%) falls out in winter as snow. In spite of small volumes, sustainable snow blanket is preserved for 3 months.

Dashbashi canyon is distinguished with natural variety and impressive scenery. There are many discharge outlets of underground waters and waterfalls on its slopes. We come across both natural caves and those underscored by humans. DASHBASHI CANYON AND RIVER KHRAMI Within the frames of the canyon and in its vicinity there are several types of landscapes present - Alluvial fans and plateaus, leafy (beech, mixed hornbeam and oak, and hornbeam) forests and high-mountain steppes, xerophytic plants and derivatives, second-hand meadows and bush forests. Gorge is a natural habitat and reproduction venue for plethora of wildlife species. It is an important geological corridor by means of which many wildlife species of eastern and southern Georgia communicate with each other.

The main artery of Dashbashi canyon is RIVER KHRAMI. Its gorge is noted with many geographic peculiarities. From the source it flows under the name of Ktsia, however from Tsalka water basin it outflows as Khrami. During millions of years within the volcanic massif it has formed a lot of canyons some of which are impassable and uninhabited. From its source to confluence with Tsalka water basin, river Ktsia is a classical mountain river which boringly flows from the last canyon across the Kvemo Kartli valley. Khrami Canyons are the best objects for educational and scientific tourism on the slopes of which one can vividly see the history of the geological development of the region.

Copyright © 2017. N. Elizbarashvili, B. Kupatadze
Copyright © 2017. “Dani” Publishing




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